The Vaillant boiler F22 fault code indicates low pressure, so you must repressurise your boiler to fix it. The first thing you need to do is check the pressure gauge and if it’s low, repressurise it until it’s at 1 to 1.5 bar.
I have been fixing boilers for over 10 years and this is how I fix a Vaillant boiler F22 fault code most of the time.
It could be other problems causing the F22 low water pressure fault code, but a leak is by far the most common reason for your boiler pressure dropping. To fix this, you must repressurise the boiler, then it should start working again.
The F22 fault code should disappear when the boiler is repressurised, and you should hear the pump start to circulate the water in the boiler.
How to Reset a Vaillant Boiler
The first thing I would check on a Vaillant boiler that is not working, no matter what fault code is showing, is to check the pressure and reset the boiler.
Knowing how to reset a Vaillant boiler is the simplest way to get your boiler working again, as it might have just locked out.
To reset a Vaillant boiler, you must find the reset button. This is usually a flame with a line through it. You have to press the button to reset the boiler. Sometimes you have to hold it down for 3 seconds, but on some Vaillant boilers, it just needs to be pressed.
Vaillant Boiler F22 Error Keeps Happening
If your boiler keeps losing pressure, showing F22 and going to lockout, then you most likely have a leak on the boiler or central heating system which needs to be fixed.
Or, if you have bled a radiator, then the pressure will drop and the boiler needs to be repressurised.
If the boiler pressure is dropping straight away after repressurising, then you must have a serious leak or an open-ended pipe on the central heating system. This will need to be found and fixed to get your boiler working again.
Vaillant Boiler Pressure Gauge
The main Vaillant boiler pressure gauge is a digital pressure gauge on the screen on the front of the boiler. You have to press multiple buttons to find and read it.
Vaillant boilers have annoying manual pressure gauges which don’t have any numbers on them, so most people don’t know if it’s on the correct pressure. It always looks like the pressure is low, even though it’s not.
How to Repressurise a Vaillant Boiler
To repressurise a Vaillant boiler, you must find the filling loop. If it’s a built-in filling loop, it will be two grey handles under the boiler. Both handles must be turned to open and then closed when the pressure reaches 1 to 1.5 bar.
If it’s an external filling loop, it will probably be on two of the pipes under the boiler. It will most likely have two valves with black handles and a flexible hose connecting them together.
You must open both valves to repressurise the boiler, then close them both when it is repressurised.
You should be able to hear the water filling the central heating system when both valves are open, if not, then the filling loop might have problems or the house’s mains water might be turned off.
Other Causes for Vaillant Boiler F22 Fault Code
Other causes for the Vaillant boiler fault code, if it’s not low water pressure, could be:
- Pressure sensor
Another common fault code is Vaillant F75 fault code, which is a sign of a blocked water pressure sensor.
Vaillant Boiler F22 Fault Code FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
Where is the Pressure Gauge on a Vaillant Boiler?
The digital pressure gauge on a Vaillant boiler is on the screen on the front of the boiler, if it has one. You must press a button or two to access and read it.
There is also a manual pressure gauge which is usually under the boiler on the right-hand side. This is hard to read as there are no numbers on there.
Why Does My Vaillant Boiler Keep Losing Pressure?
Your Vaillant boiler keeps losing pressure because you most likely have a leak on your central heating system, which could be at the boiler.
Another reason your Vaillant boiler keeps losing pressure could be an expansion vessel problem, or the pressure relief valves might be letting by.