Last updated on September 23rd, 2023
Having your traditional or combi boiler pressure too high is a problem. There are a few different causes of boiler pressure being too high and a few different fixes.
When the boiler keeps rising too high this is usually followed by low boiler pressure after the pressure relief valve (PRV) lets the water out of the heating system.
I have been repairing boilers and heating systems for over a decade and have come across every boiler pressure problem out there.
Here I’ll give you my advice based on my first-hand experiences of trial and error on job call-outs.
Why is My Boiler Pressure Too High?
Your boiler pressure is too high most likely for one of these reasons:
- Somebody repressurised the boiler too much: Reduce pressure in the boiler by letting water out
- The expansion vessel has lost air or the diaphragm inside is split: Recharge or replace the expansion vessel
- The filling loop is not closed fully or damaged: Close the filling loop fully or replace it
- Pinhole leak on plate heat exchanger on a combi boiler: Replace the plate heat exchanger
Boiler Pressure Too High When Heating On
The boiler pressure will always rise when the heating is on.
It’s perfectly normal for the boiler pressure to rise from 1.5 bar to 2 bar when the heating is on. If it’s rising close to 3 bar then you have a problem.
All pressurised heating systems (combi boilers and system boilers) must have an expansion vessel.
An expansion vessel takes some of the expansion of the heating system when the heating is on using air and a rubber diaphragm inside.
If your boiler pressure is too high when the heating is on, this will be an expansion vessel problem.
This means there is no air in the expansion vessel so the heating system is taking all the expansion of the heated water and causing the boiler pressure to rise too high.
Boiler Pressure Too High Then Too Low
If your boiler pressure is too high then too low, this means the expansion vessel does not have any air in it which is causing the boiler pressure to get too high.
When the boiler pressure is too high the pressure relief valve kicks in and does its job.
This means your boiler will keep losing pressure no matter how many times you repressurise it.
A pressure relief valve is a safety valve on all pressurised heating systems which safely lets the water outside when the boiler pressure is too high (usually 3 bar).
To fix this you will need to either recharge the expansion vessel using a pump or replace the expansion vessel if the diaphragm inside is split.
You can find out if it’s split by pushing the Schrader valve in on the expansion vessel, if water comes out that means it’s split and the expansion vessel needs to be replaced.
How to Reduce Boiler Pressure
To reduce boiler pressure you must let some water (or air) out of the heating system.
Bleed a Radiator
The easiest way to do this is to bleed some water out of a radiator using a radiator bleed key.
How to bleed a radiator:
- Put the bleed key on the square bleed valve screw
- Turn the bleed key anti-clockwise until the water starts coming out
- Let the water stream into a bucket or catch it with towels
- Watch the boiler pressure gauge
- Close the bleed valve when the pressure is at 1.5 bar.
This will reduce pressure in the boiler but it can get a bit messy sometimes.
How to Reduce Boiler Pressure Without Bleeding Radiators
Here are a few different ways to reduce boiler pressure without bleeding radiators:
- Open drain off valve
- Open pressure relief valve
- Crack a nut
- Magnetic filter
Open Drain Off Valve
Most central heating systems have at least one drain-off valve.
You can find them on radiator valves, radiator pipes, and on the bottom of boilers. They are for draining water out of the central heating system.
You can connect a hose to a drain-off valve using a hose clamp and run the pipe to an outside drain or down the toilet or sink, then open up the square nut using an adjustable spanner until the water starts coming out.
If you don’t have a hose, you can open the drain-off valve and catch the water in a bucket or tub and keep emptying it.
This might take a while. Just keep checking the pressure gauge on the boiler until it has dropped to around 1 to 1.5 bar.
Open Pressure Relief Valve
Another way to reduce boiler pressure without bleeding radiators is to open the pressure relief valve. A pressure relief valve is on every central heating system.
They are usually inside the boiler but could potentially be in the hot water cylinder cupboard.
If your pressure gauge is on the boiler then the pressure relief valve will be inside the boiler. They are typically brass with a red knob.
You should see it when you remove the casing from the boiler but you might need to check the manual or Google it to find the exact location on your model of boiler.
Once you’ve found it, you simply turn it anti-clockwise (or pull the lever on some boilers), and the pressure will drop very quickly.
This is the easiest way to reduce boiler pressure without bleeding radiators and the most common way I do it when I’m on a job.
The only problem with opening the pressure relief valve is that once they’ve opened they might not close again properly.
They can get a little bit of debris stuck in them so they never quite close fully and you are left with a tiny slow leak coming out of the blow-off pipe outside.
This will tend to happen on dirty systems but 9 times out of 10 it’s fine. If it does happen, you need to replace the PRV.
Crack a Nut
Cracking a nut is another way to lower the pressure without bleeding radiators when your boiler pressure is too high. This is one of the messiest ways to do it but it is possible.
You can put towels and a bucket under a nut on the boiler, radiator valves, or anywhere on the central heating pipes.
Then crack the nut until water starts coming out and keep an eye on the boiler pressure gauge.
It is also possible to reduce boiler pressure via the central heating magnetic filter.
You can place a towel and bucket underneath the magnetic filter then open the nut on the bottom (if it has one) or you can open the bleed valve with a bleed key.
Let the water come out into the bucket and close it when the pressure gauge has dropped to around 1 to 1.5 bar when the system is cold.
Boiler Pressure Too High Guides
- Worcester boiler pressure too high
- Ideal boiler pressure too high
- Vokera boiler pressure too high
- Potterton boiler pressure too high
- Vaillant boiler pressure too high
- Glow-worm boiler pressure too high
- Baxi boiler pressure too high
To sum things up, having your boiler pressure too high is quite common and most of the time it’s because there is no air (or not enough air) in the expansion vessel.
The most common fix by far in my experience is to recharge the expansion vessel.
Recharging the expansion vessel is a simple job for a heating engineer but very tricky when doing it for the first time.
You can learn how to do it yourself but you might be better off getting someone else in.
If you have let the pressure rise too much when repressurising the boiler, then reducing the pressure by letting water out of the system is an easy fix.
Feel free to ask me any questions in the comment section below and I’ll do my best to help.
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Boiler Pressure Too High FAQs
Is high boiler pressure dangerous?
High boiler pressure is not dangerous. Pressurized boilers and central heating systems have a pressure relief valve (PRV) in them so when the boiler pressure reaches a certain high pressure, the PRV will open and let the water out to stop the pressure from building up to a dangerous pressure.
If the PRV is not working or the PRV pipe is capped off, then a high boiler pressure can potentially be dangerous but I have never come across a dangerously high-pressure situation in over 10 years of being a heating engineer.
What pressure should my boiler be at?
For most boilers, system boilers and combis, the pressure should be at 1 to 1.5 when the heating is off and the radiators are cold.
This includes Baxi, Vaillant, Ideal and Worcester boiler pressure, as well as other makes.
When the heating is on, it’s quite normal for the boiler pressure to rise to over 2 bar.
Does bleeding radiators reduce boiler pressure?
Yes, bleeding radiators reduces boiler pressure. Whenever you bleed air or water out of radiators, the pressure will always drop. If you are bleeding air out, you should always check the boiler pressure and repressurise if needed.
What happens if boiler pressure is too high?
If your boiler pressure is too high then your heating will stop working. When your boiler pressure is too high, it will usually then become too low which means the safety device will not let it fire up.